No prosecution for soldiers in Bloody Sunday

Northern Ireland's Public Prosecution Service (PPS) announced Sept. 29 that after reviewing the evidence against 15 British soldiers suspected of killing civilians in Derry on "Bloody Sunday," Jan. 30, 1972, they will maintain the decision not to pursue prosecution. The final decision, announced in a statement from the PPS, upholds an earlier one from March 2019, which found that "the available evidence is insufficient to provide a reasonable prospect of conviction." After the 2019 announcement, families who lost loved ones and survivors injured in the massacre asked for a review of the decision. In her statement, PPS senior assistant director Marianne O'Kane said, "It is understandable that a number of the bereaved families and injured victims subsequently exercised their right to request a review of decisions relating to 15 of those suspects originally reported." However, she went on to say, "I have concluded that the available evidence is insufficient to provide a reasonable prospect of conviction of any of the 15 soldiers who were the subjects of the reviews."

The persistence of the families and the wide attention that the PPS decisions have attracted are evidence of the lingering wounds from the early 1970s in Northern Ireland. Catholics, then a minority in Northern Ireland, demanded equal rights—especially an end to discrimination in public housing, and to an electoral system that allowed multiple votes for rich landowners and businessmen (nearly all Protestant). Taking inspiration from Martin Luther King and the civil rights movement in the United States, Catholics organized marches in a civil rights movement of their own, starting in 1968. As in the US, peaceful marches ended in bloodshed when the government responded with violence. The deadliest such incident was Bloody Sunday, when 13 marchers were killed and several more wounded as members of the Army's Parachute Regiment opened fire on civil rights demonstrators.

The final decision from the PPS means that only one prosecution will proceed for the deaths in Derry in January 1972. The PPS is prosecuting a man referred to as Soldier F, a former member of the Parachute Regiment, for two murders on Bloody Sunday and attempted murders of four other men at a separate peaceful civil rights march in Northern Ireland.

From Jurist, Sept. 30. Used with permission.

Prosecution dropped of last soldier charged in Bloody Sunday

Northern Ireland's Public Prosecution Service announced July 2 that the prosecution of Soldier F, the only British soldier to be charged in connection with the Bloody Sunday killings of 1972, will be discontinued. It was also announced that planned proceedings against a second soldier, Soldier B, will not be commenced. (Jurist)

Northern Ireland police guilty of 'collusive behavior'

Marie Anderson, Police Ombudsman for Nothern Ireland, released a 344-page report identifying operational failures and "collusive behaviors" by the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) in the 1990s. The Ulster Defence Association (UDA) and associated Ulster Freedom Frighters (UFF) carried out more than 400 murders, according to the report. Most of the group's victims were Irish Catholic civilians, and 56 of those murders occurred between 1990 and 1994 in Belfast alone.

During this time period, Anderson concluded, the RUC Special Branch recruited "high-risk" informants within the UDA/UFF but "failed to properly manage informants to identify concerns about their continued use." Consequently, the Special Branch collaborated with informants who were "actively participating" in murder and other violence. (Jurist)