'Systematic' human rights crisis in El Salvador

The UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) on March 28 called for authorities in El Salvador to urgently address human rights concerns as the nation marked one year under a state of emergency. Authorities enacted the state of emergency on March 27, 2022 following a wave of gang-related murders. The measure was initially for 30 days but has been regularly renewed. Since March 2022, 65,000 people have been detained, and 90 people have died in custody. OHCHR spokesperson Marta Hurtado stated that 7,900 complaints of abuses against prisoners have been lodged with El Salvador's national human rights body. According to the report, many detentions were arbitrary and founded on "poorly substantiated" investigations or "crude profiling." Conditions in detention have also declined significantly, and the UN has received reports of prolonged solitary confinement and inmates being denied prescribed medications. (Jurist)

Amnesty International reported April 3 that authorities in El Salvador are "systematically committing human rights violations" as a result of the country's aggressive anti-gang policies. (Jurist)

Reports of rights violations have been mounting steadily over the past year since El Salvador launched its sweeping crackdown on the gang networks known as maras.

See our last report on the prison crisis in Latin America.

Women massacred in Honduras prison

At least 46 women were killed in a prison riot between two of Central America's most dangerous gangs June 20. Women belonging to the Barrio 18 entered the precinct heavily armed and attacked members of a rival gang: the Mara Salvatrucha, or M-13. Half of the victims were shot, while others were burned to death. Seventy-three MS-13 survivors were later transferred to other installations, as the Barrio 18 is thought to remain heavily armed inside the prison. (TNH)